Tuesday, June 14, 2011

Identifying Artifacts 6/4/11

Identifying artifacts- not just their general appearance but dating them is extremely hard! Especially since we can't really radio-carbon date ceramic plates...(hehe) I worked with Kristen for oh a FEW hours, trying to figure out the date and manufacturer of what appeared to be a really "hairy"horse with a compass on it. Needless to say, I did not figure it out. I'm not going to lie I gave up. I searched every search engine on my computer and couldn't find anything at all. I typed in "china stone ware", "hairy horse china stone ware" "lama china stone ware" among the combinations I used to "discover" the date. However I was unsuccessful...sadly.

Monday, June 13, 2011

Lab Work, End of Class

While I enjoyed taking a break from the physical labors of digging, and not having to dig in the rain, I can not say that I enjoy the lab portion of the class. What mainly gives me this opinion is trying to classify and date ceramic pieces. Most of the pieces were plain white and very small. The ones that were a bit larger or had some sort of design were still difficult to learn about. There was only one piece with a makers mark, but it was only a partial one. No one could even agree on what it was. Some thought that it was a shaggy dog and some a lion, so comparing it to makers marks in books was of little help especially since the majority of similar makers marks consisted of lions and unicorns. The pieces with designs were difficult because there was no book with just patterns or examples of pottery, plates, cups, etc. These books were just of makers marks or other such information. I found the whole process to be very frustrating. I prefered weighing the contents of the bags and imputting the information into the excel sheets, but I mostly just prefered being outside at the site.

I had a great time this quarter and enjoyed meeting so many new people. I hope that everyone has a good summer!

Just a quick note to say: thank you!

I just wanted to take a moment to thank everyone who was involved with the field school. We really had a fantastic crew and a fantastic time. Thanks especially to Charles Hartley for being our illustrious leader, the grad students who actually know a thing or two about archaeology for helping the rest of us along, our wonderful guest speakers, and Sister Karen and the other Sisters for inviting us out in the first place; we really appreciate your generosity and the use of your lovely campus. I know I learned a great deal over the last few weeks, and feel like this field school really rounded out a lot of my sometimes quite patchy knowledge of field methods. It was fantastic to see an archaeological investigation from start to finish instead of in bits and pieces, and to participate at almost every stage of the process. Looking at my notes, I'm astounded by what we managed to do basically over the course of seven Saturdays, and we couldn't have done it without the hard work and willing spirit of everyone involved. Cheers!

Here are some pictures of everyone hard at work. Measuring angles to determine excavation unit boundaries:

Screening material from Unit 1:

Taking end-of-level notes on Unit 3:

And opening up shop for a new day of excavation:

Plus, this turkey:

Which reminds me: What do you get when you cross a turkey with a centipede? A drumstick for everybody! Have a good Summer, everyone!

DSCQHR: Epilogue or Epitaph?

as i sit here getting ready to hand in my field note book and finishing up my site report a little waxing on Saturday's events feels appropriate. though i really enjoyed the whole season and truly just now feel ready to begin to excavate with any understanding of how to do it effectively and efficiently, i gotta say that Saturday 11 June 2011 was possibly my best day yet. Charles, his lovely wife Estela, David's B and P, Brenna, Dani, Promise, Ken, thank you so much for helping me to gain closure on an life event that feels as though it is really the beginning of a next phase of my life. doing the profiles and getting to shovel all that soil and muck back into the holes, er units and trench was great. even the repatriation part was the best. thanks to everyone so much for helping me to learn some stuff this past ten weeks. i have this strong desire to go back and do more digging at DSCQHR ... who knows what may happen in the future? ...

Site DSCQHR: really just a dump?

Hey, look who figured out Blogger, finally!

Contemporary image of Mission San Jose following its collapse in the 1868 earthquake.

Here's a thought I had about the deposition at our site, while writing up my analysis section of the site report. Suppose instead of being deposited here in order to building something on top of it, our large area of apparently secondary materials was actually rubble moved here just to clear away somewhere else that someone did want to build/plant on? It would explain why, aside from the road, we haven't found any structures or obvious signs of viticulture such as actual vines, trellises, or other grape-related paraphrenelia. Burning a trash heap is also something people do. Here is the relevant section of my report, with the connection to my own unit:

It is possible that refuse has been dumped on our site area from the mission period onward, but that seems unlikely given its uphill location from the mission settlement. More likely, all of the material, mission, rancho and all, was moved at some point as a whole mass. It is worth considering the fact that we do know for certain, that there was much and sometimes rapid land exchange during the period following secularization, and again following the Gold Rush era. It is also poignant that so little explicitly agricultural has emerged, given the centrality the question of the vineyard has had in some of the proposed hypotheses for this site. I think it is worth considering a hypothesis that I have not yet heard anyone advance, that this midden already existed somewhere down the hill when a land exchange put it in the hands of a new owner, who rather than wanting it to build up a terrace or roadbed, simply wanted it out of their way. Our site may not be the result an attempt to conduct agricultural activities here on Site DSCQHR, but merely an attempt to clear away some old middens or earthquake rubble in order to make some space for agricultural activities somewhere else. Our site may have had value simply as an unused field, as indeed it still is, somewhere a new owner of more valuable agricultural land elsewhere could dump an old trash heap without it being in anyone's way. Nevertheless, this suggestion is also based more on absence of evidence than evidence, and lacks any secondary historical sources to back it up.

According any of the interpretations so far advanced, U3 can be understood as further evidence of this unknown refuse/fill deposition process, and I think the more productive burnt area, especially considering the number of burnt bone and glass, probably represents kitchen refuse. I do not now believe that a feature exists in the unit in the sense of something having purposefully placed there as its original depositional environment, given the lack of any clearly defined boundaries, stratigraphic markers, or widespread regular patterns in artifact distribution beyond certain artifact type clusters and scatters.

How did the last day go on Saturday?

So, how did Saturday go? Anything Exciting? I wanted to go but was still working on our Site Report.

Sunday, June 12, 2011


On May 7th and 14th I worked on Trench 1 with many different people. On the 7th I mostly just dug. We were supposed to be digging from 10-20 cm deep but we had to level out the trench to make the entire thing 10cm deep first. We then dug to 20cm and on the 14th down to 30cm deep. On both days we were able to find a few things on the eastern most end. Overall there were three terracotta pieces almost in line, a cement block, a concrete fragment, pieces of asphalt, and a spike. There was also a large amount of some kind of rock or stone that would break when hit with a shovel. The only problem was that it had to be hit really hard, which made digging out the eastern most end really difficult and frustrating. It is possible that the rock was a foundation of some kind but I do not know. There were other finds as well such as a lot of glass of different colors, nails, ceramic pieces, and bones. There were two animal vertebrae that were fairly large compared to the other small bits of bones we had been finding. On the 14th David's daughter came and helped dig. She mostly shoveled loose dirt into a bucket which was actually quite helpful. It was nice to see her having fun digging and being in such an environment. It must have seemed like a really long sandbox filled with dirt. I liked the trench better than the regular unit because there was more space to work in and more things to do.
I was glad when we finally began digging excavation units on 5/7/11. I worked on unit 1 with Amanda, Andrew and Hiroto. First we had to measure out a 2x1 meter perimeter. We then put in nails or stakes (I can't remember which) in the corners and strung pink string from each one to outline the unit. The dirt was very dry and compact on the surface which made it difficult to dig out. It was easier to use the pick axe than a shovel. The large clumps of dried dirt were also hard to screen and had to be broken up by hand, which sometimes felt like breaking rocks. We were able to find a few interesting things on the level 0-10 cm below surface. We found a bolt, a few pieces of glass, a few animal bones, and a lot of what looked like pieces of brick but we only bagged a few. We were unable to dig the pit to 10 cm deep the first day but I think we did a good job considering how difficult it was to dig out and screen the dry dirt and considering we didn't actually start digging until after lunch. It was my first real archaeological experiance and I thought that it went really well even if we didn't find much or dig to deep.

My Day in the Trench

On May 14, 2011, I was assigned to work with the Trench Unit. My crew was, Amber, Danny, Melissa, Mark, David P., Elizabeth and Christy (?). We completed T1-0-10 cm, and started T2- 10-20 cm.  On this day, I helped dig, and screen. My favorite park of the day was the Wet Screening. After previous days of dry screening I was really excited as I knew it would make the whole screening process more efficient. I would say the only down side was the mud. I was sinking in mud during the screening and had to change shoes at lunch, not mentioned mud caked clothing. Nevertheless, we uncovered some very interesting artifacts right from the start. In one of our first couple buckets of dirt Elizabeth and I screened out a glass bead and a couple of “myolicka” pieces. I really got into the sorting of artifacts as it seems we were finding more than I had while dry screening on previous days. One other thing I noted from the day’s work was the large amount of bone fragments that we recovered. It would be interesting to find out if any of them were human. Also, another exciting discovery was a large cement brick and gravel remnants, possibly from a previous road way. I’m not sure if anyone confirmed this or not. Anyhow it was a very cool day out in the field, check it out!
Brick, Tile, Cement, Gravel

Metal Collection

Glass Bead and Myolicka Sherds

Bone and Cermanics

Bag O Bones

Breaking out the Brushes
David Measuring the Trench
Cement Block approx 7 1/2cm by 7 cm with 2cm mortice

Site Report, Site Report and you guessed it.

So I have been working on the site report and noticed that I could easily turn it into a novel. The problem is, I must compact the report into 8 pages. One of the things I wished I had done more of, is to photograph the units I worked in.
Well, looking back I had a blast. I enjoyed the people I worked with and the site itself. A first for me was the wet screening, something I desperately wish I had at my disposal last summer in Nevada. It was also great to work in the Bay Area proper, which I haven't done. The only thing I wish I had more of during the course, would be corresponding with local experts like Andy Galvan and maybe working with the Sisters. It would have been nice to have had a bit more understanding of the site grounds, although I must say students like David Pelfrey did an outstanding and quite professional job in researching the history of the area and sharing it with all of us.
Artifacts found, such as the pipe stem and the projectile point found by Amber were the highlights of my time at DSCQHR. I regret that some of the students I have gotten to know over the past two quarters will be graduating, but I am incredibly glad to have met them, happy for their accomplishment, and wish them all of the best.

Hope to see you all in the field in years to come!


Saturday, June 11, 2011

Contrasting Mission

I went to Napa county and found another mission. Since it was a different mission site, I found it interesting to contrast Mission San Jose with this Mission Solano. What I found most interesting was that this mission (in Napa) was the only mission established under Mexican rule. Here are a few pictures of the artifacts that were in the museum. It would have been interesting if we were to find some of the same artifacts that were displayed here in the museum

We have yet to find anything that resembled any of these artifacts, but who knows, maybe another dig will help us later discover in deeper levels the same kind of artifacts!

Day in the field

We have all found that field work is not for the weak. Those first timers seem to have a great time while others suffered. I love field work, but many times my nose does not. Allergies were the worst enemy of many people out there. It was lucky that C.K. (you know who you are) brought masks that lessened the pollen entrance into my large nose. For that, I can only thank CK.

The following is a few pictures of what people discovered as well as people hard at work

Friday, June 10, 2011

DSCQHR Fire Insurance Maps - 1916 - 1916/32 Modified

So this will be my last post during the quarter. I am wondering if anyone desires to keep the research element active and might want to post further on the subject. I will certainly miss spending Saturdays in pursuit of archaeological knowledge and know-how.

The 1916 Sanborn Map - sheet 1 of 3, for Mission San Jose.

The 1931 Sanborn Map, sheet 1 of 3,(a modified version of 1916) for Mission San Jose

Here are two series of Sanborn maps for DSCQHR for the years 1916 and 1931. For 1931, the 1916 base map was used and the data was modified.

There were some interesting changes in the building footprints as may be seen in the plan views.

These maps also contain insets for the two wineries that operated to the northeast and southeast of our site.

I will refrain from analyzing the maps in greater detail as these data play a prominent role in my version of the excavation report; however, please feel free to utilize the JPEGs for academic purposes and I look forward to reading any ideas any of you have related to the DSCQHR site.

It is my custom to modify these images by using a drafting or photoshop program to generate a unique image and therefore avoid any trouble with copyrights. Again, I have posted these images here in the interest of academic research.

It was an absolute pleasure working with all of you this quarter. Fair Winds and Following Seas - David Pelfrey

Will miss all of you but not that terrible soil!

Hello all,
As I am sitting here writing my site report and reflecting on our quarter filled gophers, turkeys, dirt, trowels, nuns, and more dirt I am sad we weren't able to finish our excavations! It seems we got quite a lot more than we bargained for artifact-wise so that is great but I think all of us would have like to have the satisfaction to get a little deeper! The last day in the lab was really helpful through and gave me a great overview of what we had actually found. There were so many items I had no idea about and are so interesting! I'm wondering if anyone was able to find a circa for that large piece of earthenware in CU 3, found at level 3, this piece was really interesting to me but alas after much research I have given up hope! I wish that we had more stratigraphy to work with in order to have some semblance of order, but unfortunately this site has a mind of its own! I had a great time working with all of you! Have a nice summer!

Thursday, June 9, 2011

I guess i am not as 'Binfordian" as I thought ...

yeah it is true, i want to create a whole culture historical story for our little acre ... if only we hadn't found asphalt ... yeah that's right ...it all the ass's phalt ...without it i could have just stuck to my backfill bioturbation theory ...

Lab Work

My lab work consisted of the two in-class sessions, the make-up day on June 3rd, and two other sessions where I came in to work under Brenna’s guidance. I therefore was fortunate enough to try my hand at all the different parts of the “lab process.”

The first task I undertook was washing and cleaning the artifacts. At my first day in the lab, Brenna showed me how to place a colander in a bucket of water, and empty the contents of a bag into the water. The colander prevented some of the smaller items from getting lost. Then, taking a toothbrush, we gently removed the dirt. It was really amazing to see the artifacts completely transform once they were clean. There were so many colors besides brown! It was refreshing. For bone and metal artifacts, we took a dry brush and, without getting them wet, we brushed away as much dirt as possible without damaging the artifact. Unfortunately, I learned there is not too much you can do about rusted nails. Very carefully, we then laid each set of artifacts next to their bag to dry on a tray.

During my next experience with lab work, once again the ever-patient Brenna taught a couple of us how to catalog artifacts. We took little cards and filled in the information written on the outside of the bag onto the card. This included things like the site, type of artifact, what unit it was from, unit size, level, depth, screen size, date excavated, and who excavated it. The next day in class, I continued on this task. It was much easier to complete when the whole class was there because we did not all follow one uniform way of recording the information on the bags as we pulled artifacts out of the ground. Sometimes some bags would not have a date, or the name of the excavators. It was easier to fill in these gaps when I could run up to people and ask “does this look familiar?” and “what date was this?” Perhaps it wasn’t the most scientific approach, but I guess it got the job done.

My next day at lab was at the make up day. During this session, Janna and I weighed artifacts and gave them “artifact numbers.” This was also really fun, because we got to get a feel for just how much of each type of artifact was uncovered. We really did uncover a HUGE amount of tile, glass, ceramic, and bone fragments. And to think- we thought we wouldn’t find anything! At this point Promise and Kevin began entering the artifacts into a database. In the afternoon, I tried to date some of the nails, but was not entirely certain on some of my conclusions. Some were clearly from the mid nineteenth century, but for other nails I could not narrow it down at all (literally the guide gave me three centuries for one style!)

My final day in the lab consisted of attempting to date other artifacts. I struggled in vain to get a date for some of the ceramic shards. I figured out that blue transferware appeared beginning in 1750. I tried desperately to match some of the patterns, but unfortunately we just did not have enough of the pattern to find its maker. The prior week, I believe it was Promise who had some better luck. One fragment had a bit of a maker’s mark- John Maddock. She was able to date this to exactly 1896 in the late Edwardian style.